A cyst (small sac) or tunnel in the skin is known as a pilonidal sinus, sometimes known as a pilonidal cyst, pilonidal abscess, or sacrococcygeal fistula. At the apex of the buttocks cleft, it grows over the tailbone.
Hair is a defining trait of the pilonidal sinus (the hair ruptures the skin and gets embedded within the sinus). Skin debris and dirt have also been found in pilonidal sinuses and cysts. A pilonidal cyst infection may result in the flow of blood and pus from the cyst, which is sometimes unpleasant-smelling and accompanied by intense pain. Cysts can grow in groups, and these cysts are connected by tunnels under the skin.
The hair between the buttocks may push inward due to friction, pressure, or skin issues. This could either be hair that is already present in the buttock region or loose hair that has been shed elsewhere that has gathered in the buttock cleft and pilonidal sinus.
The most effective treatment for pilonidal sinus treatment is a modern laser-assisted method.
To prevent any complications, treatment of the sinus should not be postponed. After accurately locating the pilonidal sinus tract, it is spotless, and the granulation tissue is removed. A pilonidal sinus surgery that fires to transfer energy radially and ablate the sinus tract is used in laser pilonidal sinus surgery.
To thermally ablate and seal off the aberrant channel, laser radiation is introduced into the sinus vein tract. By creating a shrinking effect, the laser energy causes the sinus vein epithelium to be destroyed while also obliterating the remaining sinus tract. The sinus tract collapses to a very small size as the controlled destruction of the epithelialized tissue occurs.
In comparison to traditional sinus surgical approaches, pilonidal sinus laser treatment cost has a number of benefits. Pilonidal sinus treatment is PAINLESS since it does not entail cutting out the tract. The technique is MINIMALLY INVASIVE since a laser fiber is put into the sinus vein tract. The treatment can be completed as a DAY CARE PROCEDURE because it takes 30 to 40 minutes. The treatment leaves only a small amount of scarring and may be referred to as SCARLESS because it doesn't require suturing subsequently because there is only one point of entry for the fiber.
|FEATURES||LASER SURGERY||OPEN SURGERY|
|Cuts and Wounds||No||Yes|
|Bleeding due to Cuts and Stitches||Very Less||More Bleeding|
|Risk of Infection||Very Less||High|
|Rest after Surgery||Can Resume Work||1-2 Months Rest|
Hair and skin debris can be seen in pilonidal sinuses or pilonidal cysts. Pilonidal sinus laser surgery is advised if it results in an infection beneath the skin. It is not an urgent or dangerous situation.
Pilonidal sinus surgery is not necessary if the pilonidal sinus is not infected. For its recovery, several precautions can be taken at home. These safety measures include:
Thick body hair, especially coarse and curly body hair, can lead to a pilonidal sinus or cyst. Although it is more typical in men, it can also affect women.
Advanced laser therapy for the pilonidal sinus is available. The primary benefit of pilonidal sinus laser surgery is a quicker recovery with little to no discomfort and a low recurrence rate.
Pilonidal sinus can be prevented and treated. If the cyst is contaminated, sophisticated laser therapy can cure it.
The majority of Pilonidal sinus surgery is performed under general anesthesia. You won't feel much other than a pinprick, so. Following that, it's like entering a deep sleep.
As the anesthetic medication's effects wear off, you can experience some discomfort and pain right after your procedure. But painkillers ought to make things better for you. After a couple of hours, you can begin sipping water. An hour later, you can begin a regular, full diet.
On the same day, you can begin walking. You don't need to alter your bathroom habits. Although it will depend on how you are feeling and the kind of employment you do, you will probably require time off from work. After a laser procedure, you can return to work on the third day. If you had a flap procedure or had sutures, you can return to work after two weeks. In any case, the first two weeks should be free of intense work. As soon as you feel capable, you can begin doing light to moderate activity. However, if you have stitches, you must refrain from vigorous activity for up to 4 weeks after the pilonidal sinus laser surgery.
If you have an open wound, take a bath at least once every day. Avoid taking a bath if your wound has been stitched up because you might be told to keep it dry for the first several days. Never use soap to clean an open wound since it could irritate the skin. Instead, use plain water.
Recurrence is a constant concern because excessively thick hair that splits and embeds itself in the skin is the primary cause of Pilonidal sinus. By employing temporary solutions like razors and hair removal products, the recurrence can be greatly reduced. However, doing this repeatedly, especially in such an awkward place on their bodies, is very annoying for the patients. Therefore, it is recommended to use lasers (Diode, Nd-YAG) for permanent hair removal to stop hair growth and thickening in the area.